The Eugenia Topiary is a common household plant that is easy to grow and take care of on a daily basis.
These plants can easily be grown outside and taken indoors when the weather gets colder. This is a great option for those who don’t have much experience with gardening.
Eugenia Topiary Care & Growing Guide
1. Light Requirement
These plants tend to thrive when given at least four hours of full to partial natural sunlight in the morning and late afternoon. You should avoid exposing them to direct sunlight in the mid-afternoon hours. Too much direct light when the sun is at its brightest can actually scorch the leaves.
The soil that the Eugenia topiary is in must be kept fairly moist at all times. It is important that you use distilled water in the spring and summer months. You only have to water this plant 2-3 times each week in the colder months of the year.
You should put the potted plant into a bucket or deep bowl filled with water. This will ensure that the plant’s soil stays moist on a consistent basis.
Once you have done that, you’ll only need to water the plant when the soil gets dry half an inch down. You can put your finger into the soil if you aren’t sure whether or not to water it yet.
This plant can grow in a variety of regions, including tropical areas. It is, however, important to provide it with shade when the sun is at its brightest in the afternoon. You can grow them in agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11.
If you are going to grow your Eugenia inside, you will need to use a potting soil that drains well. It is also important that you choose a big pot with numerous holes to allow for drainage. You should put in a good amount of sand as well for maximum porosity.
It is a good idea to keep these plants in acidic soil. If you are planting outside, you’ll have to till to a depth of 18 inches minimum. Make sure that you take out any big rocks when preparing your plant’s new home.
If you plan on growing these plants outside, you’ll want to cover them up if the temperature goes below 32 degrees Fahrenheit. These plants handle cold weather fairly well, but they do have their limits.
You should only have to repot this plan every three years once spring rolls around. Make sure that you use a good amount of fertilizer to encourage healthy growth.
7. Speed of Growth
Eugenia plants grow at an average speed of four feet per year. You can encourage growth with a slow-release fertilizer.
8. Height and Spread
The Eugenia topiary can grow up to 48 inches tall with a maximum width of 20 inches. While it is not a huge plant, you still need to pick a spot outside where it won’t get crowded. It is a good idea to leave a space of at least 12 inches from other plants.
This plant produces green foliage and white flowers along with bright red fruit, which is commonly known as Surinam cherries.
While this plant grows pretty slowly, you will need to trim it quite often to keep a nice shape. It is highly recommended that you use gardening shears that are very sharp; this will make pruning this plant a lot easier.
As your plant grows, you’ll need to remove the new growth every three weeks or so. Make sure that you wipe off the shears between uses to keep them clean.
How to get Eugenia Topiary Plants to Flower
The most effective method for getting Eugenia topiaries to flower is to provide them with ideal soil that drains well and is on the acidic side. You also need to make sure that it doesn’t get any direct sunlight in the early to mid-afternoon hours.
These plants only flower in warm climates, and they can do so up to four times each year. Those who try to grow their Eugenia in a colder region will likely have problems getting it to flower. If this is the case, you might have to grow yours inside.
Common Eugenia Topiary Diseases
Eugenia topiaries are prone to fungal diseases, which present as rusty spots on the leaves. Make sure that you carefully remove all of the affected leaves to stop the spread of the infection. You should also keep the foliage as dry as possible.
Certain scale insects like armored scales can become a big problem for Eugenia plants as well. It is a good idea to spray your plants with oil on a regular basis to avoid this problem. If you are having a problem with these pests, you will notice the leaves on the plant turning yellow and dropping before they should.
If you are having a problem with slugs or snails on your plant, you’ll want to remove everything that these pests can slide along. This includes weeds around tree trunks, stones, or any other surfaces that allow them to get onto your plants.
- It is a good idea to provide your Eugenia topiary with partial to full sunlight in the morning and early afternoon hours.
- Avoid exposing these plants to bright mid-afternoon sunlight without any shade, as this will scorch the leaves.
- During the colder months of the year, you’ll only have to water these plants two to three times every week.
- During the warmer months, make sure that you keep the soil the plant is in nice and moist with distilled water.
- If you are growing these plants outdoors, you’ll want to take them inside if you expect the temperature to drop below 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
- These plants tend to grow fairly slow, about 4 feet per year.
- The white flowers that this plant produces are very small but beautiful nonetheless.
- You will have to trim this plant fairly often in order to maintain an ideal shape.